Brazil is a federal state governed by three arms of government, the Executive, the Legislature, and the Judiciary. The legislature formulates and passes laws while the executive approves and implement those rules. Conversely, the judiciary is the custodian of law, meaning it is responsible for interpreting the law. Brazil anchors all its regulations in the Federal Constitution, which is the supreme law of the land. Brazil passed and promulgated its Federal Constitution 29 years ago. The mandate of operating the judiciary rests with the judges who are appointed from the most experienced attorneys in the land.
While Brazil anchors its laws in the supreme law of the land, the Federal Constitution, it is completed by several other legal documents. These documents include the Costume Defense Code, the Civil Code, the Commercial Code, and the Criminal Suit Code. Brazil applies all these codes in compliance with the supreme law of the land, the Federal Constitution. Brazil’s Federal Constitution subdivides the nation into small units of administration referred to as the Federal States. The constitution allows these states to formulate their laws, but they must abide by the provisions of the Federal Constitution.
Lawyers are the only legal experts recognized by the Brazilian legal practice. In an initiative geared towards strengthening Brazil’s legal practice, the government has embarked on building new law schools across the country. Upon graduating with degrees in law from the universities, students must attend the law schools. It is only after acquiring the necessary certification and qualification that one can qualify to practice law in Brazil. Ricardo Tosto de Oliveira Carvalho features as one of Brazil’s most experienced lawyers. He started practice about 26 years ago upon receiving his Law degree from Mackenzie Presbyterian University and acquiring necessary certifications from Brazil’s Bar Association. Ricardo Tosto has built himself an impressive profile in the Brazilian legal practice. His clientele base includes government agencies and NGOs from around the world. Ricardo Tosto is one of the most experienced litigants in his law firm, Leite, Tosto and Barros Advogados Associados. Lawyers practicing under the firm attribute their success to Ricardo Tosto’s hard work and determination.